Not that this should be hugely a surprise if we give it a moment’s thought. But immigrants have a lower unemployment rate, a higher workforce participation rate, than do natives. That’s for the United States of course:
The unemployment rate for foreign-born persons in the United States was 3.5 percent
in 2018, down from 4.1 percent in 2017, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported
today. The jobless rate of native-born persons was 4.0 percent in 2018, down from
4.4 percent in 2017.
It’s not hugely difficult to see why once we look at the details of the figures. Immigrants trend more male, they’re more likely to be of prime working age:
The demographic composition of the foreign-born labor force differs from that
of the native-born labor force. In 2018, men accounted for 57.5 percent of the
foreign-born labor force, compared with 52.2 percent of the native-born labor
force. By age, the proportion of the foreign-born labor force made up of 25- to
54-year-olds (73.2 percent) was higher than for the native-born labor force
(62.0 percent). Labor force participation is typically highest among persons in
that age bracket.
Male labour force participation is higher than female.
There is one more point of course. If you’re an immigrant but not yet a citizen you don’t really gain access to any of the welfare state. It’s thus work or stave. Quite an incentive really.